Green Mamba Snake: A poisonous African serpent!

Green Mamba Snake -

Green Mamba Snake: A poisonous African serpent!

Coming from the Elapidae family. This family is famous for having very venomous tropical snakes. Moreover, the snake that we'll discover together today is one of the most venomous animals in the world. Ladies and gentlemen, we're going to talk about the Green Mamba. 🐍

The Green Mamba or Eastern Green Mamba is a species of snakes of the Elapidae group. It is a large species of extremely poisonous tree snake belonging to the Mamba genus. 

You've probably already heard of his mortal cousin; the Black Mamba. Its more scientific name is Dendroaspis angusticeps 🤓. Its origin comes from the Greek word "Dendroaspis" meaning "tree snake" and the Latin "Anguticeps" meaning "narrow head". Its name is well chosen because it actually lives in trees and also it has a nice narrow head. 😉  

green mamba snake

 1. The different types of Green Mamba

A. Eastern Green Mamba

The Eastern Green Mamba is an arboreal species. This means he lives in trees 🌳. Its green coloration allows it an excellent camouflage with the foliage of trees. Moreover, this explains why he prefers to live in dense vegetation and is therefore rarely found in an open field. From time to time, it comes down from the trees to drink or to relax in the sun. 

eastern green mamba

B. Western Green Mamba

This serpent was discovered by Dr. Andrew Smith. A Scottish zoologist and surgeon. He belongs to the Elapidae family and is also green as his name suggests. The only characteristic that sets it apart from other mambas. It is that this one is much smaller.

western green mamba

2. Green Mamba Size and Morphology

A. Green Mamba Size

A sturdy shape, but compressed and very slender. Adult females are 7 ft long and males are much smaller, about 5ft. In terms of mass, the green mamba generally weighs between 1 and 1.5 kg.

In general, this species rarely exceeds 8 ft. When attacked or harassed, the snake will flatten its neck and will not hesitate to bite.

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B. Green Mamba Scales

As their names suggest, the dorsal scales of the body are bright green and the belly is yellow-green. Some specimens are mottled with a few bright yellow scales on the sides.

Their head, known as coffin-shaped, is flat, narrow and elongated and slightly distinct from the neck, with medium-sized eyes and round pupils 👁.

Juvenile green mambas are blue-green and reach the brighter green coloring with successive expansions of the skin, progressing from the front to the back of the body.

mamba size

3. Where does the Green Mamba live?

The eastern green mamba is a big snake that is also arboreal. This species is mainly present in the coastal areas of southern East Africa. However, it is also found in South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Kenya.

This type of Mamba often seeks dense vegetation at low altitudes. Scientists have noticed that this snake likes areas with regular rainfall.

green mamba location

4. Green Mamba Characteristic

The characteristics of this snake are its agility and speed of action. Several studies have recorded a top speed of up to 7 mph! But don't worry, when it sees a man it escapes at high speed by climbing into the nearest tree. 🌳

As you saw earlier, one of the major assets of this species is its coloration. Indeed, its brilliant green color allows it to camouflage itself effectively in the foliage of the trees.

Research has shown, that when provoked. The mamba will flatten the neck, elevate the anterior part of his body. It will also make a slight hissing sound. These characteristics are reminiscent of the black mamba. Except this one doesn't do it in an aggressive, abusive manner. 

With a shy and elusive character. He strikes very rarely, but when he feels cornered. He'll be able to bite his target several times. As a result, the venom it injects will cause death within 30 minutes.

Other physical characteristics such as the color of the inside of his mouth which is white. Eyes with round pupils. Make the green mamba an incredibly beautiful animal. 😍 

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green mamba characteristic

5. A common misconception about the Green Mamba

Despite being one of the most dangerous snakes in the world. One of the misconceptions replied about the green mamba, is that he' s aggressive and that he would attack humans as soon as he can. Which is 100% wrong. This serpent rarely preys on predators bigger than itself. It will often seek to flee and hide in a shrub or climb a tree. It mainly uses its ability to camouflage itself rather than use its sharp fangs! 

The green mamba is known for its solitary lifestyle. It is said to be able to stay in the same place for several weeks. He only moves around to drink, to eat, or to find a sexual partner. Studies have shown that he moves no more than 19ft a day. It is said that he leads a very relaxed life. 

green mamba snake

6. Green Mamba Bite and Venom

A. Snake Venom

As mentioned earlier, the green mamba is an extremely venomous snake. After one bite, death occurs after 30 minutes. ☠️ Its venom is particularly neurotoxic it is composed of several mixtures including dendrotoxin, calcicludine, cardiotoxins, and d. 

Yes I know, it's complicated but if you don't understand anything. Just understand that you don't have to be bitten! 😅

One of the reasons why the bite mortality rate is very high in this snake. That is because its venom constitutes a very dangerous toxin called Dendrotoxin. 
However, the toxicity of the snake varies depending on several factors. These include the age of the snake, the diet, but also the geographic region. 

mamba venomous bite

B. Consequences of a bite from the Green Mamba

The most common symptoms after a Green Mamba bite are breathing difficulty, heart failure, swelling in the bite area, nausea, dizziness, and convulsions. If the victim is not treated quickly, it can quickly progress to respiratory paralysis. And therefore death.

The green mamba is known to have very long fangs able to swivel. This allows it to better control its bite and thus to dose the quantity of venom according to the size of its prey.

Although it's very rare, their bite can sometimes cause tissue damage. But this is often due to the use of a tourniquet.

green mamba bite injury

 7. Green Mamba's Diet

The green mamba is big carnivores, they must feed at least twice a week and prefer to hunt during the day.

It mainly attacks other small mammals, adult birds, and their eggs, rodents, bats, and arboreal lizards🦎. Young snakes eat mainly other reptiles, such as chameleons and other small lizards.

Observations show that the Green Mamba isn't a snake tracking prey all day long. He’s not looking for food. Rather, it's a "sit-and-wait" predator or in ambush, waiting for its prey like most Grass snakes. This's a style unique to them in the Elapidae family, as other serpents in this family are usually actively searching for their prey.

green mamba diet

8. Green Mamba reproduction

A. Green Mamba Male Fight

Green mambas are solitary snakes, except during the mating season, which takes place during the rainy season between April and June. It is also at this time that they become more active, the males confront each other in ritual fights in which one tries to subdue the other.

Two snakes intertwining body and neck and pushing each other. This movement is a technique used to pin the other snakehead to the ground. The snakes will never bite each other as this would kill the snake and from the spectator's point of view, the fight will not be aggressive. Such fights can take several hours. These fights are very similar to those practiced by male king cobras.

B. Mating of the Green Mamba

The males will actively search for a female. He chooses his partner with the help of pheromones. When the time is right, the male will court the female by lining up his body and brushing his tongue. The female will show her interest in the male by raising her tail. Generally, Tree snakes perform their courtship and mating in trees. ❤️

If the female is not interested in mating with the male snake that is courting her, she will try to run away and if she continues, she may become aggressive towards him.

green mamba mating

C. Green Mamba Eggs

Females lay small eggs during the summer season (especially during October and November). The average female will lay between 10 and 15 eggs 🥚, but it is not uncommon for the number to be much smaller or larger. The eggs are kept in a hollow tree, usually around decaying vegetation or leaf litter.

A very peculiar behavior has been recorded in the female mamba. Indeed, the female mamba will abandon the babies once they are ready to hatch. In general, future snakes will be born after a period of 10 to 12 weeks. This remains an average because everything depends on the geographical area and natural conditions.

The size of the babies when they are born is between 1 and 1,5 ft long, and reach a length of 3ft after one year.

green mamba eggs

9. Some facts about the Green Mamba

  • The venom can spread throughout the body in the first 15 minutes.
  • The International Union for the Conservation of Nature has not classified the green mamba as an endangered species.
  • The population of this snake appears to be stable. However, habitat destruction and deforestation seem to be of serious concern to the population. 
  • Toxic levels of green mamba venom are based on this environment, age, diet, and season.
  • These top predators are humans, eagle, mongoose, and hornbills. 🦅
  • Green mambas depend on their sight when hunting, rather than their sense of smell.
  • His bite will leave a wound with two puncture marks.

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