Common Krait, The Indian Snake

Common Krait, The Indian Snake

Today we will go to India to discover a unique snake! The Common krait (scientific name: Bungarus caeruleus) is a venomous snake native to Asia. Like its cousin, the banded krait, he is considered one of India's most dangerous snakes.

Common Krait belongs to the Elapidae family. He is considered to be the most dangerous snake in India. And for a good reason, its powerful paralyzing venom tends to attack the nervous system. And the problem is that antivenoms are ineffective.  

common krait

1. Description of the Common Krait

It is a long and thin snake, generally nocturnal. It will stay in the shelter during the day and go out at night to hunt. It eats small mammals, birds, lizards, and snakes; yes, he is a cannibal...

With round shaped eyes, a body with smooth, shiny scales. This Indian snake is easily recognizable. The color of its skin is often black with wide white stripes.  An adult can measure 90 centimeters with a maximum of 150 centimeters. 

This serpent is part of the "Big-four." A group of four snakes in the world that are responsible for many deaths in Asia, and which alone bites 1.5 million people every year, they are synonymous with extreme danger for populations. ⚠️ 

In the Big Four, we find the Indian cobra, the Common Krait, the Echis carinatus, and Russell's viper. 

Bungarus caeruleus

2. Common Krait habitat

Bungarus caeruleus is found mainly in India. However, it can also be found in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Nepal. It lives in various places such as the jungle, fields, or even houses. As long as there is a water point nearby, it suits him. Globally it is terrestrial, hiding in the brush or finding a rat hole or other burrow to live in.

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3. Common Krait Reproduction

This snake reproduces at the beginning of the year. Once the male and female have reproduced, the female will be in gestation. This will last about 2 and a half months. The breeding period is between March and May. At this stage, the female will lay between 6 to 15 eggs.

They will remain in incubation for about 8 weeks. Then the newborns will come out. They will measure about 15 centimeters.

common krait reproduction

4. Common Krait Venom

Common Krait venom is the most powerful and is extremely neurotoxic. Although its bite is relatively painless, this snake's venom causes the death of a man in two or three hours. It is one of the most venomous snakes on the Indian subcontinent. It is most active at night but, if disturbed, can bite during the day. 

Curiously, a 2009 report revealed that the snake has a biting affection for men in their thirties. ❤️🐍 

☠️ The toxicity is LD50-0.04 mg/kg, i.e. a level 5 stage. ☠️

common krait venom

5. Summary

  • Biotope: Dry
  • Type: Venomous
  • Venom: LD50-0.04mg/kg
  • Behavior: Can be very aggressive and very dangerous.
  • Size: Between 90 and 150cm
  • Weight: About 700 to 800 grams
  • Life expectancy: Unknown
  • Diet: Birds and small mammals, reptiles
  • Method of killing: By Venom (bite)
  • Cannibalism: Yes
  • Activities: Nocturnal
  • Reproduction: Beginning of the year
  • Sexual maturity: Between 2 and 3 years

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