The Black Mamba Snake :  A serpent with the most toxic venom

Black mamba -

The Black Mamba Snake : A serpent with the most toxic venom

The Black Mamba lives mainly in South and East Africa. It's found in savannahs and rocky valleys. Thanks to its long body, he can comfortably live in trees but also in the ground. Dreaded by many Africans, this snake has the reputation of being the deadliest species in the world! ☠️

He is called a black mamba because the inside of his mouth is black and not because his scales are black. One of its specialties is that he uses his mouth to intimidate his adversaries when he is in danger. This snake has a scary mouth, but it also has a frightening speed and size. It can reach a top speed of 12MPh and an average length of 13 feet! So we can say he's the fastest snake in the world. 

Most asked questions about the black mamba.

1. So, how dangerous is the black mamba snake?

  • Black mambas are agile, aggressive, and extremely poisonous. They are the main cause of many human losses in Africa. The black mamba is considered the most dangerous snake in the world.

2. How fast can a black mamba kill you?

  • Without treatment, the bite can kill you in less than 45 minutes. Symptoms usually progress to respiratory failure and cardiac arrest.  

3. How did Kobe get Black Mamba name?

  • Kobe chose the name "Kill Bill", an assassin who uses a Black Mamba to kill someone. I searched for him on the Internet and said, "That's me," he said.

black mamba

 1. Presentation of the Black Mamba

It is the world's deadliest snake. This one doesn't have a good reputation, especially in Africa. It's often blamed for the deaths of thousands of humans across the continent, according to a Wisconsin herpetologist. The number of snake victims has given rise to many African myths. All of this for you that if one day you come across him on his way...RUN RUN RUN 🏃‍♂️💨

Its reputation does not come from anywhere. Black mambas are incredibly poisonous snakes and very fast, lively. They are very aggressive when threatened or harassed. This species of snake is known to strike multiple times and inject a large amount of venom🩸. Its venom is potentially lethal, and although antivenom exists, it is difficult to obtain it in this snake's native habitat. For this reason, they are considered one of the best killers in a country where nearly 20,000 people die from snake bites each year!

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black mamba description

2. Characteristics of the Black Mamba

A. The Black Mamba's Body

Although by its name, the scales of the black mamba is not so black. Its scales are brownish, and with a pale belly. This nomination comes instead from their mouth, because yes, the mouth of a black mamba is a deep black. It's terrifying!😨  

When he feels threatened, the mamba will open his mouth widely to show this black color as a warning signal. ⚠️

On top of that, these reptiles have a coffin-shaped head ⚰️. It is very athletic and flexible. The size of this one can sometimes reach 236inches. However, the average is still 157inches. Regarding its longevity, it can live up to 11 years!

Just like the Mammoth, the giant black mamba reaching up to 236 inches in height has not been seen for a very long time.

Studying the size of these species is not an easy task. Because of its dangerousness, but also it's an animal that moves continuously to go hunting. Scientists have conducted a lot of research across the African continent. They have found traces of their movements on roads, and they use a piece of string to measure them 😅. (nothing is better than the traditional method).

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black mamba body

B. Black Mamba Speed

As we said before, the Black Mamba is undoubtedly one of the fastest snakes in the world! It can reach a speed of 12Mph. Of course, it rarely does this kind of sprint. Usually, over long distances, he enters a speed of 7Mph. Nevertheless, it remains perilous because of its liveliness and its aggressive character. If you cross the black mamba, it will be difficult for you to escape from it. Indeed, in addition to being fast, it can also easily climb trees. He's part of the arboreal species. Another possibility for you is to locate a water spot.

But unfortunately, this snake is also an excellent swimmer. 🐍🏊

They glide quickly by sliding their body on a flat floor and can raise a third of their body above the ground, head proudly high, ready to strike even if you've been a little scared. In general, black Mambas use their incredible speed to escape predators, not to hunt. 

black mamba speed

 3. Black Mamba Habitat

A. Where does the Black Mamba live?

Black mambas reside in the savannas, rocky hills, and open woodlands of South and Eastern Africa, according to the Animal Diversity Web (ADW) of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. They like deep, open spaces and want to sleep in hollow trees, rocky crevices, tunnels, or empty termite mounds. 

They are reptiles that hunt during the day. Sometimes, they can form a duo or in small groups. But this remains rare; they are rather shy and prefer to escape confrontation. However, when danger arises, they can become very aggressive. Finally, after their hunting day, they return to the same place every night to sleep.

black mamba serpent location

B. Black Mamba Defense

When threatened, oppressed from not being able to escape, these snakes will raise their upper bodies from the ground to stand upright. The front third of their body can rise 0.9 to 1.2 meters from the ground. Then they will spread their cobra-shaped neck flaps and open their mouths to expose the black underside of their mouths. It's a defensive posture designed to intimidate the threat. If the mambas noirs🐍 need to attack to defend themselves, they will beat, potentially delivering large doses of venom with each bite, and whistle loudly. Then they will move away as quickly as possible.

Black mambas have no specific predators. Their greatest threat is habitat destruction, often caused by humans.

black mamba defence

 4. Black Mamba's diet

For a snake like that, it's not complicated! They eat everything. Small mammals and birds, but also serpents like cobras. To devour their prey, they will inject their venom and wait for it to act. Usually, a victim dies or becomes paralyzed after 20 to 30 minutes ☠️. Their powerful jaws will shred their meal very quickly. Sometimes, when the prey is a little bit bigger, the mamba will dislocate his jaw to make the process easier.
The acids in this snake's stomach allow it to digest its prey for 8 to 10 hours. Seeing a snake swallow a victim is a fascinating spectacle that freezes the blood. 🩸

black mamba eating mammal

 5. Black Mamba Reproduction 

Black mambas usually reproduce in spring or summer—the male's fight for the female's affections. Females are the ones who choose the mating partner. Scientists do not know what factors determine whether females will reject or accept some males. During the mating season, males often engage in fights where they are seen twisting each other to try to put their adversary to the ground. After mating, females lay between 6 and 25 eggs in a moist and warm burrow. The female leaves her eggs and never sees them again. The babies hatch about three months later and are born between 40 and 60 centimeters long. The juvenile mambas are very nervous and overgrow in the first year, reaching a length of up to 2 meters.

3 months later, a new generation of black mambas is ready to be born. The juveniles do not come out right away; they prefer to drain the yolk to the last drop so that they can hold out until their first catch. They open their black mouths for the first time, take their first breath of air, and taste their new environment. The venom glands of these newborns are fully developed; within moments of their birth, these little monsters can already kill a man.


baby black mamba
 

6. Black Mamba Bite

A. Black Mamba Attack

Several studies have been conducted in Zululand. 879 snake bites have been analyzed in patients over 5 years. Only 5 victims showed neurotoxic symptoms. Of course, these bites were from the Black Mamba. That means it only represents one attack per year! 

In South Africa, the majority of snakebite deaths are the result of a Black Mamba or Cape Cobra bite. It is necessary to go to the hospital after being bitten. The victim must be followed carefully, and if he presents breathing difficulties. The victim should be on an artificial ventilation system.

If you leave him alone, no doubt he'll ignore you. It can even be an excellent companion and lends itself perfectly to the exercise of Jewellery, as shown by this sublime Black Mamba necklace.

black mamba necklace

B. Black Mamba Venom

The venom of the black mamba contains neurotoxins and cardiotoxins. Its bite usually injects 100 to 120 mg of venom, 400 mg can be inserted in a single bit. 10 to 15 mg of its venom being fatal for an adult male. Therefore, the amount of venom injected in a single bite would theoretically be enough to kill between 12 and 40 men. 

An envenomed person can lose the ability to speak within 20 minutes, and will probably be comatose an hour after the bite. Death most often occurs within 6 hours after the injection or within 7 to 15 hours.

The lethality of its bite depends on several factors, like the amount of venom injected and the bit location. However, if the toxin reaches the bloodstream quickly, the risk of mortality increases significantly.

⚠️ the symptoms of a bite are: ⚠️

  • Local pain in the area of the bite.
  • Tingling
  • Excessive blinking
  • The vision is shrinking.
  • Excessive perspiration and saliva
  • Loss of muscle control

If the victim does not receive appropriate medical treatment very quickly, the symptoms progress, and the victim may become nauseous, breathless, confused, have breathing trouble, and become paralyzed. They may eventually have convulsions, respiratory arrest, coma, or die from suffocation resulting from paralysis of the respiratory muscles.

Although with treatment it is possible to cure 99% of victims, if the bite is not treated, the mortality rate is close to 100% ☠️

black mamba venom

C. The Black Mamba venom…The new pain reliever? 

The venom of this snake contains peptides that have analgesic properties without neurotoxicity on the mouse. The principles of functioning of pain being similar in the mouse and humans, scientists believe they can manage to produce painkillers as potent as morphine derivatives, without the side effects of the latter. 

7. Black Mamba Myths

A. The Black Mamba: Symbol of fear

One theory about how the Black Mamba got its name is that it was initially called a black-mouthed mamba, which over time became shorter and shorter to become the name it bears today. 

This snake would be extraordinarily aggressive, and many mambas would even chase men on horseback. The offensive part is right. However, it is improbable that with the shy character of the mamba, it could start hunting a horse! 🎠

Another popular myth is that of the mamba hanging from a tree, then biting and killing five cows as it enters the kraal. Although there is nothing impossible for a Black Mamba to kill a cow or a horse 🐎, it rarely happens. And killing five cows is highly improbable due both to the venom yield of this snake and the fact that it is simply not in their nature to slaughter large bovines that pose no real danger to this species. 

aggressive black mamba

 B. A Black Mamba as fast as lightning ⚡️

Then there's the myth of Ndlondlo. This one features a massive black Mamba with a feather on its head that moves incredibly fast and strikes like lightning. It moves so quickly that the feather makes a whistling sound. Sometimes Ndlondlo hides in the bush and cries like a baby 👶🏻, perhaps to attract victims wanting to help the baby. If you go into the bush to investigate, you may be killed by this snake.

black mamba myth

 8. Black Mamba Taxonomy

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Under the spur: Bilateria
  • Infra-Regime: Deuterostome
  • Sub-connection: Vertebrate
  • Infra-branch: Gnathostomata
  • Superclass: Tetrapod
  • Class: Reptile
  • Order: Squamates
  • Sub-order: Snakes
  • Indra-order: Alethinophidia
  • Family: Elapidae
  • Genus: Dendroaspis

The other species of mamba are all smaller, and slightly less poisonous than the black mamba, although they're still very toxic. These snakes are all bright green. They 're also all arboreal species, which means that they all live in trees. They're known to fall off branches on their prey. All of them are solitary snakes. 

9. Different Species of Mamba

A. Jameson's mamba

A so-called arboreal species are living mainly in trees. It can reach a height of 82 feet. And is mostly found in West and Central Africa.

B. Eastern green mamba

The eastern green mamba species is in the family Elapidae. It's a large and extremely venomous kind of tree snake. He's mainly found in the coastal regions of southern East Africa. The serpent is relatively giant, and adult females average about 6 feet in length.

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